Bernadette’s Our Lady of the Waters

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Today the Church celebrates the apparition of Our Lady of Lourdes.1 The visionary, Bernadette Soubirous, was fourteen at the time of the apparitions in 1858. On July 7th, 1866, she arrived at Nevers, France,to join the congregation of the Sisters of Charity. She was twenty-two at the time and was accepted as a postulant on July 29th at their mother house, St. Gildard, in Nevers. She remained at St. Gildard until her death thirteen years later in 1879. Continue reading

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Review of “Silence” by Shūsaku Endō

Today marks the 420th anniversary of the twenty-six Japanese martyrs of Nagasaki in 1597 under the Tokugawa shogunate. Shūsaku Endō’s novel, Silence, takes place during the shogunate’s persecution of Christians in the 1640s when many Japanese Christians died for the faith. The controversial nature of the novel and the film has yielded negative reviews which claim the message of Endō’s work is the justification of apostasy and positive reviews which praise the moral ambiguity inherent in the novel devoid of clear black and white solutions.1 Both interpretations are valid for a surface level reading of Silence but there is a depth to the novel missed in many interpretations.2 Continue reading